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Conducting OJT

February 12, 2008

The second part of the OJT cycle is conducting the actual training session. This takes the student from the classroom or controlled training environment into the actual workplace. That’s not to say that these principles wouldn’t work in controlled training conditions such as simulation or part task training. In fact, these are ideal practices for any type of one-on-one or small group training.

The trainer has two main activities: to interact and to observe. This may sound like I’m covering all bases here (kind of like a yes and no answer at the same time) but when you break it down into the main activities the differences start to appear. The trainer has four common skill areas exercised during on-the-job training. These are to:

  • Educate the student. Develop the student by demonstrating, explaining or offering feed back after actions taken,
  • Assess the student. Compare workplace standards or agreed goals against student behaviours and the results of their efforts,
  • Maintain standards. Direct the student or take over as necessary to ensure safety, training or operational viability doesn’t suffer significantly, and
  • Evaluate overall progress. Compare current progress with short, medium and long term goals and adjust training accordingly.

Is this all that a trainer needs to do? Absolutely not. Each training environment will have it’s own requirements and conditions but these are the four basic common elements. Developing your skills and improving your effectiveness in each of these areas will result in more effective training.

I’ll tackle each later.

Once again, if you’d like a pdf version of the second part of the OJT cycle, check out the¬†resources page.

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